Today software and data are integral parts of scientific research. Software is used to create, process and analyse research data and to model and simulate complex processes. Despite their increasing importance in research, it’s little known how they can be embedded in the scientific recognition and reputation systems. Quotations are an essential option in these systems, but few researchers know how software and data could be cited.

Unfortunately, there are no recognised guidelines for software and data authorship. In addition to the programmers role, other roles such as software architects, technical writers and maintainers can also be defined.