Geodata

Rasterio

reads and writes GeoTIFF and other forms of raster datasets.

Geospatial Data Abstraction Library (GDAL)

provides a low-level but more powerful API for reading and writing hundreds of data formats.

satpy

Easy to use API for sensors of satellite images like MODIS, Sentinel-2 etc.

sentinelsat

Find and download Copernicus Sentinel satellite imagery using command line or Python.

fiona

reads and writes *shp- and *json data and many other formats.

pyproj

Python interface to PROJ, a library for cartographic projections and coordinate transformations.

pyModis

Collection of Python scripts for downloading and mosaicking MODIS data.

Arcpy

is used by Esri ArcGIS to perform geographic data analysis, data conversion, data management, and map automation.

RSGISLib

or The Remote Sensing and GIS Software Library is a set of remote sensing tools for raster processing and analysis.

pgeocode

is used for querying of GPS coordinates and municipality names from postal codes, distances between postal codes as well as general distances.