Optimising PostgreSQL for GIS database objects

In the standard installation, PostgreSQL is configured very cautiously so that it can run on as many systems as possible. However, GIS database objects are large compared to text data. Therefore, PostgreSQL should be configured to work better with these objects. To do this, we configure the /etc/postgresql/14/main/postgresql.conf file as follows:

  1. shared_buffer should be changed to approx. 75% of the total working memory, but never fall below 128 kB:

    shared_buffers = 768MB
  2. work_mem should be increased to at least 16MB:

    work_mem = 16MB
  3. maintenance_work_mem should be increased to 128MB:

    maintenance_work_mem = 128MB
  4. Finally, random_page_cost should be set to 2.0.

    random_page_cost = 2.0

PostgreSQL should be restarted for the changes to take effect:

$ sudo service postgresql restart